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PERSIA, MIDDLE OF 20TH CENTURY
Persian carpet decorated in its base on a red background with four semi-geometric crowns at the angles in blue and a central white, framed by a fretwork with design as floral arches in white.
It comes from the Zagros Mountains, west of the city of Isfahan where the Bakhtiar nomads reside. Most of them speak a Persian dialect or Lori, while others who live in the province of Juzestán speak Arabic. The Bakhtiar men wear baggy pants, a round-shaped hat and short tunic. This clothing has its origin in the dynasty of the Parthian kings (Arsacid dynasty of Partia 200 a.C.-200 d.C.). Traditionally, nomadic Bakhtiar chiefs (khans) have held very powerful positions in Persian society. In the region of Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari a vast area of carpet production employs nomadic villagers of diverse origins.
The carpets receive the common name Bakhtiar (also Baktiar, Bachtiar and Bakhtiari) and are made of quality wool and beaten very hard which makes them thick and solid so they are considered as one of the most durable Persian rugs.